Realist review has emerged as a specific literature review approach that is concerned with explaining the outcomes of complex intervention programs. The review is part of a project that aims to develop a collaborative care intervention for prisoners with mental health problems, near to and after release. Traditional methods of review focus on measuring and reporting on programme effectiveness, often find that the evidence is mixed or conflicting, and provide little or no clue as to why the intervention worked or did not work when applied in different contexts or circumstances, deployed by different stakeholders, or used for different purposes. 2011 –closer, but integrated? It documents the state of the art with respect to the subject or topic you are writing about. Power J, Gilmore B, Vallières F, Toomey E, Mannan H, McAuliffe E. BMJ Open. 2020 Oct 15;15(10):e0240087. PLoS One. The first step is to make explicit the programme theory (or theories)--the underlying assumptions about how an intervention is meant to work and what impacts it is expected to have. In 2009, a typology of reviews was published, identifying 14 types of reviews7 to which realist and integrative reviews can now be added. Table 1 highlights some of the more common reviews of the literature undertaken in healthcare. Myers L, Goodwin B, Ralph N, Castro O, March S. Front Oncol. ensure no relevant studies are missed Realist reviews: are theory driven – the end product is a theory (a coherent explanation of why certain things happen) Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education, Learn new skills with a flexible online course, Earn professional or academic accreditation, Study flexibly online as you build to a degree. This paper therefore fills a gap by describing, in detail, the process used for a realist review and synthesis to answer the question ‘what interventions … only the finalised search strategy is used to search for studies. Demand management for planned care: a realist synthesis. 2013 Sep 5;8:103. doi: 10.1186/1748-5908-8-103. Realist evaluation is a form of theory-driven evaluation, but is set apart by its explicit philosophical underpinnings. determined at the outset. ‘Conventional’ systematic review Critical interpretive synthesis Narrativesynthesis Realist synthesis Meta-narrative review Meta -study NLM J Health Serv Res Policy. A systematic scoping review is a process of mapping the existing evidence base on a particular topic. Design A realist literature review. Musa MK, Akdur G, Hanratty B, Kelly S, Gordon A, Peryer G, Spilsbury K, Killett A, Burton J, Meyer J, Fortescue S, Towers AM, Irvine L, Goodman C. BMJ Open. This content is taken from BSAC online course, If you want to learn a language but aren’t sure where to start, we’ve got …, Here we provide you with all the information you need to start your career in …, Find out how the PRINCE2® Foundation certification can help you to upskill, enhance your project …, If you’ve always fancied the idea of writing a story, we’ve got just the thing. …, Hi there! Realist literature reviewing is an explanatory method that aims to examine how complex phenomena work, and in what contexts they occur. eCollection 2020. 2020 Sep 29;10:543732. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2020.543732. Realist review is essentially a form of systematic review, but follows the realist 2005 Jul;10 Suppl 1:51-2. doi: 10.1258/1355819054308512. Pawson and Tilley (1997) developed the first realist evaluation approach, although other interpretations have been developed since. Realist approaches are theory driven and the primary data comes from primary research but also from so called grey literature documents (e.g. Realist review is about refining the ories and sec ond though ts can (and should) occur at any stage as new eviden ce emer ges from the literatu re or peer review The terms realist review and synthesis are synonymous – generally the term realist review will be used throughout these steps. A time-responsive tool for informing policy making: rapid realist review. We use cookies to give you a better experience. What approaches can be adopted to review the evidence? Methods of realist review. The iterative process aims to . It provides an explanatory analysis aimed at discerning what works for whom, in what circumstances, in what respects and how. Register for free to receive relevant updates on courses and news from FutureLearn. Realist review refers to a form of secondary research. Get the latest public health information from CDC: 2005 Jul;10 Suppl 1:49-50. doi: 10.1258/1355819054308567. Why is the PRINCE2® Foundation certification a game-changer for my project management career? In Figure 1, a series of standard research activities J Health Serv Res Policy. This paper offers a model of research synthesis which is designed to work with complex social interventions or programmes, and which is based on the emerging 'realist' approach to evaluation. This also defines the overall scope of the review and provides a framework for analysis.

what is a realist literature review

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