March 2019. A hundred yards along you pass under an arch and to your left is Vicar's Close, built in the 14th century for vicars serving the cathedral. [86] The eastern end of the choir was extended and the whole upper part elaborated in the second quarter of the 14th century by William Joy. Wells Cathedral is located in Wells, Somerset. [126], Some of the cathedral's fittings and monuments are hundreds of years old. Historian John Harvey sees it as Europe's first truly Gothic structure, breaking the last constraints of Romanesque. The bishop's throne dates from 1340, and has a panelled, canted front and stone doorway, and a deep nodding cusped ogee canopy above it, with three-stepped statue niches and pinnacles. The quadripartite vault of the nave was decorated in the 19th century. [157], The library above the eastern cloister was built between 1430 and 1508. The nave rises above the pitched roof of the aisle. The Wells Cathedral clock is an astronomical clock in the north transept of Wells Cathedral, England.The clock is one of the group of famous 14th to 16th century astronomical clocks to be found in the West of England. [93], West fronts in general take three distinct forms: those that follow the elevation of the nave and aisles, those that have paired towers at the end of each aisle, framing the nave, and those that screen the form of the building. Vicars' Close extends to the north of the cathedral, Chapter 28, "Of the Fight in Wells Cathedral", "Cathedral Church of St Andrew, Chapter House and Cloisters (1382901)", "The History and Architecture of Wells Cathedral in Somerset, Part 1", "Ralegh, Walter (1586–1646) Dean of Wells", "Hollywood parodies real life drama in Wells", "The Monmouth rebellion and the bloody assize", "Richard Kidder (1633–1703), Bishop of Bath and Wells (1691–1703)", "The Jesse Window Project – An Update (November 2012)", "Conservation of 'Tree of Jesse' Window at Wells Cathedral", "New Bishop of Bath and Wells Peter Hancock is installed", "Background Information to the Post of Archivist", "Annual Report and Financial Statements for the Financial Year Ended 31 December 2015", Wells Cathedral – Music List, April/May 2013, https://twitter.com/bathwells/status/963309514442207233, "The Capital Sculpture of Wells Cathedral: Masons, Patrons and the Margins of English Gothic Architecture", Bulletin of the Association for Preservation Technology, "Why ancient cathedrals stand up: The structural design of masonry", "The History and Architecture of Wells Cathedral in Somerset, Part 2", "The Medieval Stained Glass of Wells Cathedral", "Cathedral Church of St Andrew, Chapter House and Cloisters, Cathedral Green (east side), Wells", "World's oldest mechanical clock 'to be wound by hand for last time, "Somerset, Wells Cathedral of St. Andrew, Dean & Chapter of Wells N0 6890", "Liber Albus I (White Book; R I), Liber Albus II (R III), and Liber Ruber (Red Book; R II, section i) indexed by surname", "The Bishop's Palace and Bishop's House (1382873)", "The Vicars' Hall including number 28, Vicars' Close (1383202)", "Photos show film crews invading Somerset town for new movie", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wells_Cathedral&oldid=990951837, Buildings and structures completed in 1490, Former Roman Catholic churches in England, Pre-Reformation Roman Catholic cathedrals, Church of England church buildings in Mendip District, Grade I listed buildings in Mendip District, Buildings and structures in Wells, Somerset, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Pages with login required references or sources, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Short description is different from Wikidata, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz place identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Precentor – Nicholas Jepson-Biddle (since 7 May 2013 installation), Canon Pastor (Treasurer) – Rosalind Paul (since 3 December 2018 installation), Diocesan Canon – vacant since 13 February 2018, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 13:13. [139], The first recorded organist of Wells was Walter Bagele (or Vageler) in 1416. (Bert) Wheeler, clerk of works to the cathedral 1935–1978, had previously experimented with washing and surface treatment of architectural carvings on the building and his techniques were among those tried on the statues. [88] The capitals themselves are remarkable for the vitality of the stylised foliage, in a style known as "stiff-leaf". The houses are occupied, so you can't peer inside them, but you can freely wander along the Close and enjoy the peaceful ambience, cut off from the sights and sounds of the outside world. Built between 1175 and 1490 Wells Cathedral has been described as “the most poetic of the English Cathedrals”. The large continuous capital that encircles the central pillar of the chapter house is markedly different in style to the stiff-leaf of the Early English period. [54] His brass lectern, given in thanksgiving, can be seen in the cathedral. Much of the structure is in Early English architecture. [73] In July 2009 the cathedral undertook the funeral of Harry Patch, the last British Army veteran of World War I, who died at the age of 111. 2 4 0. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. When he refused to surrender it, Barrett ran him through with a sword and he died six weeks later, on 10 October 1646. [36] The quarters are chimed by a quarter jack: a small automaton known as Jack Blandifers, who hits two bells with hammers and two with his heels. In their place are two square, sturdy towers, erected in the 14th and 15th century. [132] Its mechanism, dated between 1386 and 1392, was replaced in the 19th century and the original moved to the Science Museum in London, where it still operates. One gives entrance to the Bishop's Palace grounds. Also, Gothic Revival renovations were made to the choir and pulpitum by Benjamin Ferrey and Anthony Salvin, 1842–1857. Though possibly influenced by carvings of acanthus leaves or vine leaves, it cannot be easily identified with any particular plant. 1 Wells Cathedral reviews. The 1620 organ was destroyed by parliamentary soldiers in 1643. The round font in the south transept is from the former Saxon cathedral and has an arcade of round-headed arches, on a round plinth. Other musicians … It shows the Earth at the centre, with the Sun and Moon revolving around it. [57] His successor, Richard Kidder, was killed in the Great Storm of 1703 when two chimney stacks on the palace fell on him and his wife, while they were asleep in bed. Address: Cathedral Green, Currently there are 18 boy choristers and a similar number of girl choristers, aged from eight to fourteen. The Good Earth (371) 6 min ££ - £££ Cafe. Many of the figures are life-sized or larger. The cathedral from the south east. The elevation is in three stages, arcade, triforium gallery and clerestory. The style, with its simple lancet arches without tracery and convoluted mouldings, is known as Early English Gothic. #89572390 - Wells Cathedral Reflection In The Pools Of Park, In Spring Season,Wells,.. Editorial. A staircase leads from the cathedral (right) to the chapter house and the Chain Gate which gives access to Vicars Close. If you approach the cathedral from the market place, through Penniless Porch, don't immediately turn right to the cathedral entrance. [4], The west front rises in three distinct stages, each clearly defined by a horizontal course. [47][48], Elizabeth I gave the chapter and the Vicars Choral a new charter in 1591, creating a new governing body, consisting of a dean and eight residentiary canons with control over the church estates and authority over its affairs, but no longer entitled to elect the dean (that entitlement thenceforward belonged ultimately to the Crown). [32] The vault has a multiplicity of ribs in a net-like form, which is very different from that of the nave, and is perhaps a recreation in stone of a local type of compartmented wooden roof of which examples remain from the 15th century, including those at St Cuthbert's Church, Wells. [126] They originally numbered 90, of which 65 have survived. 15th century (Time Period) - If you book with Tripadvisor, you can cancel up to 24 hours before your tour starts for a full refund. The figures all suffered from iconoclasm. [1], The Lady Chapel has five windows, of which four date from 1325–30 and include images of a local saint, Dunstan. He donated a set of hangings for the choir of the cathedral. The walls of the chapter house have fifty-one niches for seating. The brass lectern in the Lady Chapel dates from 1661 and has a moulded stand and foliate crest. The misericords survived better than the other sections of the stalls, which during the Protestant Reformation had their canopies chopped off and galleries inserted above them. The clock face is astronomical, marked with phases of the moon and the time since the last full moon, in addition to a full 24-hour dial. [10][11] An abbey church was built in Wells in 705 by Aldhelm, first bishop of the newly established Diocese of Sherborne during the reign of King Ine of Wessex. [32], The Early English west front was commenced around 1230 by Thomas Norreys, with building and sculpture continuing for thirty years. High-quality Wells Cathedral Greeting Cards designed and sold by artists. Many of the clerics had not paid, having been called to contribute a total sum of £200. Here For You During COVID-19 NEW! [70] The chapter is advised by specialists such as architects, archaeologists and financial analysts. They have been described by Wim Swaan – rightly or wrongly – as "brutally massive" and intrusive in an otherwise restrained interior. The first great phase of building lasted until about 1240, during which the nave, north porch, choir, and transepts were built, in addition to the astonishing west front. Wells Cathedral is an Anglican cathedral in Wells, Somerset, England, dedicated to St Andrew the Apostle and seat of the Bishop of Bath and Wells, whose cathedra it holds as mother church of the Diocese of Bath and Wells. 0.8 miles (Garden), Ebbor Gorge - There is a bound oak chest from the 14th century, which was used to store the chapter seal and key documents. [113] The bracing arches are known as "St Andrew's Cross arches", in a reference to the patron saint of the cathedral. We've 'tagged' this attraction information to help you find related historic attractions and learn more about major time periods mentioned. Medieval brasses were sold, and a pulpit was placed in the nave for the first time. Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express. From 1508 to 1546, the eminent Italian humanist scholar Polydore Vergil was active as the chapter's representative in London. Website +44 1749 674483. [156] They are hung for full-circle ringing in the English style of change ringing. Home to the Bishops of Bath and Wells for over 800 years, this stunning medieval palace is open for all to enjoy. [101] A horizontal course runs around the west front dividing the architectural storeys at this point. wells, cathedral, church of england, somerset, st andrew the apostle, bishop of bath and wells, nikon, d90, eddie chui Wells Cathedral 4 Metal Print By eddiechui Its broad west front and large central tower are dominant features. Almshouses Poor Housing. In 1620 an organ built by Thomas Dallam was installed at a cost of £398 1s 5d. We recommend booking Wells Cathedral tours ahead of time to secure your spot. [159] The library is open to the public at appointed times in the summer and presents a small exhibition of documents and books. [4] There is a large projecting porch on the north side of the nave forming an entry into the cathedral. Wells Cathedral Wells. After you've visited the cathedral, spare a few minutes to wander around the north side, onto Cathedral Green (that's the name of the street, not the actual green). 2 0 0. [108], The cloisters were built in the late 13th century and largely rebuilt from 1430 to 1508[20][32] and have wide openings divided by mullions and transoms, and tracery in the Perpendicular Gothic style. In monastic cloisters it was the north range, benefiting most from winter sunlight, that was often used as a scriptorium. The mechanism was built between 1386-1392, and while the clock face is original, the mechanism was replaced in the Victorian period and preserved in the Science Museum in London, where it continues to function. The Lady Chapel seems to have begun as a free-standing structure in the form of an elongated octagon, but the plan changed and it was linked to the eastern end by extension of the choir and construction of a second transept or retrochoir east of the choir, probably by William Joy. The Café and Shop are closed, but the Cathedral remains open for individual prayer, …

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