Templo Mayor. The Sun Stone (The Calendar Stone) Coyolxauhqui Stone. This building was designed to exhibit the archaeological findings of the zone that used to be the Main Temple of Mexica peoples. Templo Mayor was a temple in the capital city of the Aztecs, Tenochtitlan, in what is now Mexico City. Colonial-era manuscripts depict a skull rack at Templo Mayor, but this is the first bone-a fide evidence. Tenochtitlan was an Aztec capital city founded in 1325. July/August 2014. In the area around Tenochtitlan there were floating gardens, artificially made to grow food. Olmec mask (Olmec-style mask) Feathered headdress. The collection shows the political, military and aesthetic relevance of the city that dominated Mesoamerica before the Spaniards arrived. The stepped pyramid had a shrine to each of these gods at the top, accessed by staircases. Templo Mayor at Tenochtitlan, the Coyolxauhqui Stone, and an Olmec Mask . Print Email; By ROGER ATWOOD. When the Spaniards arrived in Tenochtitlan in 1519, the Aztec capital’s main shrine stood 150 feet high. Learn Templo Mayor facts for kids. Tenochtitlan was approximately 5.2 square miles in size, connected by causeways to the mainland. This is the currently selected item. Templo Mayor in Tenochtitlan (now Mexico City), the main temple of the Aztecs, was a place to make offerings to the god of war, Huitzilopochtli, and the god of rain and agriculture, Tlaloc. The original temple was built around 1325, but was destroyed and rebuilt six times. Share. 1978: Accidental discovery by utilities workers kicks off modern excavations. Henry Romero/Reuters. FAST FACTS. Templo Mayor Museum . Templo Mayor stone disk. Its discovery led to the excavation of the Huēyi Teōcalli. The Templo Mayor, the jewel of Tenochtitlan. The Templo Mayor museum contains eight exhibit halls that narrate the history of the archaeological site. Archaeologists of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia working at the place were the stone was discovered, 1978. About Templo Mayor. Disk depicting a dismembered Coyolxāuhqui, which was found during construction in 1978 in Mexico City. Take a quick interactive quiz on the concepts in Aztec Templo Mayor: History & Facts or print the worksheet to practice offline. In fact, much of Mexico City was built over Tenochtitlan, but some original sites remain, including the Great Temple, known as Templo Mayor, which … It was located on an island in Lake Texcoco, which today is in the downtown of Mexico City. Time period of site: 1325-1521, during the rule of the Mexica Aztec. Templo mayor was the main temple of the empire, honoring and worship of the two most important gods to ensure peace of society; stairs were used in the rituals of war captive sacrifice and reenactments Discover Templo Mayor. Templo mayor’s stair were used in the rituals of war captives . According to legend, the Aztecs were told by a god to find a place where an eagle stood upon a cactus with a snake in its beak, and there, to build their city Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital that was to become epicenter of power for the powerful Aztec Empire.. The Templo Mayor (Great Temple) was one of the main temples of the Aztecs.It was in their capital city of Tenochtitlan, which is now Mexico City.Its architectural style belongs to the late Postclassic period of Mesoamerica.The temple was called the huei teocalli in the Nahuatl language. The Templo Mayor Museum was inaugurated in 1987. Terms and Issues in Native American Art. The Templo Mayor—Tenochtitlan’s great pyramid, was the most important religious site of the Mexica; it was located at the crossroads of the two main axes of the city, and was the central feature of the city.