Bird vetch. In fall the leaves become an incandescent yellow or a glowing deep orange-red. Rocky Mountain Juniper. : Shrubby cinquefoil thrives in dry to wet areas and rocky regions to open meadows. Characteristics: Willows in the montane ecosystem can reach heights over 10 feet while alpine willows remain near the ground. My exploration of the many trails in these areas, my interest in wildflowers and photography, and career in computer system design came together in this creation. It's the only member of the maple family that can do this. The leaves are small and compound, with fine hairs. : Leaves are usually fuzzy. See How To for more information on using this guide. The leaves are a light smoky grey color. The leaves are narrow and have three- toothed tips which can resemble a three pronged trident. Flowers were also boiled to extract a yellow color to be used as a dye. Fall leaves transform into stunning rustic orange and vibrant red. (970) 586-1206 Rocky Mountain Maple. The seeds hold a trace amount of cyanide. Many clusters of yellow flowers bloom April through June. Characteristics: This deciduous shrub can reach a height of 3 to 4 feet. Common names: ( 1) Rocky Mountain Ash. Requires full sun and well drained soil. : This unique species contains 2-6% rubber which allows the branches to be very flexible. Colorado is a large state with diverse climates and soil conditions. This plant happily grows on bare cliff faces in Colorado and windswept plains in Wyoming where it may get a few inches of rain a year at best. Western Mountain Ash. They have elongated leaves. Habitat: Willows are the dominant woody shrub on almost all wet meadow or riparian areas in the park. Its coverage is limited to the Rocky Mountain area, so you won't waste time flipping past California poppies and desert plants. Characteristics: Often grows in rounded clumps and can vary in height from 3 to 5 feet. : This small plant is an evergreen which means that the leaves are kept throughout the year. Kinnikinnick is a very small member of the genus. The cones are green or purple and contain 1 to 3 seeds per cone. Flowers were also boiled to extract a yellow color to be used as a dye. The leaves are a light smoky grey color. Arnica. Fun Facts: Rocky Mountain juniper thrives in this variable environment because they retain their leaves all year. We have just gotten started with the content of this page, but will be working to make it better and more interesting as time goes on. melanocarpa. Habitat: Rocky Mountain juniper inhabitsmontane areas from 5000 ft.-8000 ft., (1500 m.-2400 m.). In June small purple-blue clusters of juicy berries are produced. Fact Sheets & Plant Guides: Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status : 50,000+ Plant Images : Complete PLANTS Checklist: State PLANTS Checklist: Advanced Search Download Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Male and female flowers appear as catkins in early spring. The light purple berry-like cones only appear on female plants. The flowers are grouped by color, to aid in quick identification in the field. Willows can establish from seeds or from willow roots or stems that implant into the ground. In fall the leaves turn a spectacular color of dark orange to rich red. Bright red berry-like fruit form in late summer. How to use this Guide Using this guide you will quickly be able to identify a flower. In June, tubular pink flowers blossom. There are more than 2,400 images in this website. Plant Name. Flowers can appear in more than one group. Fun Facts: Kinnikinnick, also known as bear berry, is an important staple in the diet of park wildlife. This may be simply the flower but could include the leaves, fruit or shape in its natural setting to make identification more certain. Large white flowers bloom in late spring. Characteristics: Creeping Oregon-grape, also known as holly-grape, is a low lying, evergreen shrub. Multiple kinnikinnick plants can form clumps or mats in lodgepole pine forests. Creamy white flowers bloom from May to June. t: Can be found in montane and subalpine forests, dry to moist ranges. Fun Facts: Although the small cherries produced by this species serve as food for many animals, the seeds and leaves of chokecherries are quite poisonous to many of them. This is a thicket forming shrub spreading by rhizomes. Max Height: 30 feet. When spring rolls around and there is more sunlight the leaves transition to green and photosynthesis begins again. Unlike the needle-like leaves of Common Juniper, the leaves of Rocky Mountain juniper are small, waxy, and scale-like. Habitat: Wax Current is one of the most common shrubs in dry, sunny montane forests. Welcome to the profusion of wildflowers, grasses, ferns and trees that can be found growing on peaks and in valleys, on mesas and in canyons from the Bandelier Wilderness in New Mexico to the Wet Mountains and Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness in Colorado. : Mountain big sagebrush is found in dry montane areas. Keep an eye out for these bright red raspberries and taste the wilderness of Rocky Mountain National Park. This prevents the bears from defecating during winter hibernation. Willow growth and height in the park is determined by large ungulate and beaver browsing. : "A rose by any other name is still a rose", but be careful around this plant. Reny's Wildflowers: Reny Parker's wildflower galleries, with "over 1,820 images identified to 79 plant families." Fun Facts: The light purple berry-like cones only appear on female plants. The bright yellow flowers can be found from April to July. Terrific as a marinade for pork or chicken. During fall and winter the leaves turn from a green to a red-orange. It's a great solution to erosion and can be used to stabilize slopes. Often, plants from mountain soils that drain well may not grow well in compacted clay soils found in urban areas. Below is a sampling of some of the interesting and beautiful flowers you can discover in the park. On the east side, mountain sagebrush is a little smaller in size ranging from 2 to 3feet in height; while the west side it can reach a maximum height of 5 feet. Scientific name: Juniperus scopulorum. Characteristics: A shrub or a short tree often shaped like a pyramid, with an irregular to slightly rounded crown. Recorded Trail Ridge Road status: (970) 586-1222. They also resist pest insects and diseases common in that area. Home | Search | Gallery | How To | About | Blog ©2006-2020 Marilyn Phillips. The primary purpose of this guide is to enable you to quickly and easily identify a plant, but also to give you an appreciation of the amazing diversity and beauty of the flora that flourishes here, the land that nurtures them and their need for protection. Alberta wild rose. Rocky Mountain Maple is the most northern member of the maple family found in the Rockies. The seeds hold a trace amount of cyanide. "Founded in 1893 by Aven Nelson, the Rocky Mountain Herbarium (RM) contains the largest collection of Rocky Mountain plants and fungi in existence with additional representation of the floras of other parts of the Northern Hemisphere." For a description and another photo of the flower, the whole plant and distinguishing characteristics, click the flower's image. About the photographs I have attempted to show images of the flowers that uniquely identify them. The flowers produce raspberries in early and midsummer. The berries can be toxic to humans if ingested. : Creeping Oregon-grape, also known as holly-grape, is a low lying, evergreen shrub. Consider the length of the growing season, soil characteristics and exposure before selecting trees and shrubs for specific sites. Bistort and FireweedThere is not a large variety of red and orange flowers so I have grouped them all together. I would like to stress that I am not an authority in flower identification, just a hobbyist who knows how to build websites. Blue Flax and SunflowersRound Clusters - Many, usually small, flowers clustered together in a round or flat shape, e.g. When spring rolls around and there is more sunlight the leaves transition to green and photosynthesis begins again. Wildflowers of the Canadian Rocky Mountains is an image list of flowering plants found in the Rocky Mountains in Canada. Rocky Mountain National Park's varied ecosystems are home to hundreds of wildflower species. These differ from one another in habitatpreference and in subtle features of leaves and inflorescences. They can grow tall very rapidly beyond the height of browsing or they can produce defense compounds that make them less palatable to large ungulates like moose and elk. Ends of branches can have up to fifty flower heads. : The aromatic smell of mountain big sagebrush can almost transport you back to the old west. Height can range from 1 to 4 feet depending on slope, soil saturation, and amount of sunlight. Height can range from 1 to 3 feet tall and is densely branched. : Boulder raspberry is a common shrub that grows in sunny rocky montane areas. Our Apple Pie Shrub is sweet and spicy, just like Mom used to make. The bright yellow flowers can be found from April to July. A few sample pages and photos are shown below: The Rocky Mountain Sumac (Rhus glabra cismontana 'Rocky Mountain') thrives in some of the harshest environments that America has to offer. : Kinnikinnick, also known as bear berry, is an important staple in the diet of park wildlife. Sagebrushes are members of the sunflower family. Habitat: Mountain big sagebrush is found in dry montane areas. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Festuca saximontana . Height can range from 1 to 4 feet depending on slope, soil saturation, and amount of sunlight. "Identifying and Harvesting Edible and Medicine Plants in the Wild," by Steve Brill. On the east side, mountain sagebrush is a little smaller in size ranging from 2 to 3feet in height; while the west side it can reach a maximum height of 5 feet. : The characteristics of this plant vary slightly from the east to west side of the park. The long tubular flowers are perfect for hummingbirds to feed on the nectar of these plants. Mountain big sagebrush is more moisture demanding than the other subspecies and grows at higher elevations. Habitat: Found on forested slopes and rocky regions. If you like Shrubs for Rocky Mountain Landscapes, you might love these ideas. : Bears, birds, and many other animals in Rocky Mountain National Park feast and depend on these berries. Leaves are in whorls of three and have a needle-like appearance. The diversity of the terrain yields an incredible variety of plant life from the rugged cacti of the canyons to the tiny forget-me-not of the alpine tundra. This name for this subspecies honors George Richard Vasey, an accomplished field botanist. The flowers produce raspberries in early and midsummer. July 14, 2001. Habitat: Can be found in montane and subalpine forests, dry to moist ranges. So if you do not find a flower where you expect it to be, try another group. Rocky Mountain Maple has the ability to deepen each lope to the point where it separates into multiple leaves, creating a compound leaf from a simple leaf formation. Elephant head (close) Fairy bell. Almost 100% of the photos were taken with a digital camera; very few now are scanned slides or prints. Many clusters of yellow flowers bloom April through June. It is the only conifer to be found throughout the northern hemisphere. Rose hips, the fruit produced by this flower, remain through winter and are a reliable source of food for many animal species when finding food can be difficult. They provide shade to streams and critical habitat for a large number of terrestrial and aquatic species. Most of the berries are fuzzy and can be course and seedy. Rocky Mountain Sumac is not new to the trade but a convincing xeric shrub we’re proud to offer for its attributes of being able to handle very dry conditions, poor alkaline soils and heavy wind. In late fall, bears eat the berries and other vegetation to create a blockage in the digestive system. Fun Facts: This is a small tree that does not have just one main trunk. Dark purple cones at the top of these trees point up and as with all the firs the cone scales fall apart to release the seeds devoured by animals and birds. Height can range from 1 to 3 feet tall and is densely branched. A Rocky Mountain native, desert sweet or fernbush (Chamaebatiaria millefolium) has fragrant white flowers in late spring or early summer and grows in "the hottest, driest conditions," Scott says. Through winter, the Information Office is open 8:00 am–4:30 pm Mon–Fri. It is the only conifer to be found throughout the northern hemisphere. The cones are green or purple and contain 1 to 3 seeds per cone. Fall leaves transform into stunning rustic orange and vibrant red. Scientific genus: Salix with fifteen distinct species recorded in the park. This is my online record of the flora of the Southern Rocky Mountains. Fun Facts: Bears, birds, and many other animals in Rocky Mountain National Park feast and depend on these berries. The word “shrub” derives from the Arabic word “sharab”, meaning “drink” or “syrup”. Large white flowers bloom in late spring. Deciduous, vigorous, upright bushy shrub. : Chokecherry is one of the most notable shrubs in Rocky Mountain National Park. In June, tubular pink flowers blossom. This conserves energy during the winter by stopping photosynthesis. Click on the image which is closest to the plant that you want to identify and you will see a page of all the flowers in the group. : It's easy to identify this species because of the light-pink, 5 petaled flowers in early summer and the bright red rose hips in the fall. Some flowers that have a range of colors will appear in the index for both ends of the range, usually white and blue. The website began life as a CD called Wildflowers of the Gunnison Basin thus many of the 1,119 flowers, grasses, shrubs and trees were found in the mountains and valleys north of Almont, Colorado where the East and Taylor Rivers converge to become the Gunnison River which flows on to join the Colorado River. Many cultivars, both upright and low growing forms, including: Fun Facts: The long tubular flowers are perfect for hummingbirds to feed on the nectar of these plants. bee spiderflower. Scientific name: Artemisia tridentata ssp. Willow shrub stems are rich with sap and the roots are large and fibrous to reach water below the ground. Leaves are compound and exhibit a range of green shades in spring and summer. Flowers are tiny, yellow and many are in a dense cluster. : Rocky Mountain juniper thrives in this variable environment because they retain their leaves all year. Bears in particular utilize this plant. Springs and seasonal snow-melt from the high peaks that surround the valleys provide plenty of moisture. It is a great value at only $6.95. In June small purple-blue clusters of juicy berries are produced. Thanks!If you have any corrections, comments or questions, please email me. The height can be 16 to 49 feet, with a trunk diameter up to 3 feet. True sages (Salvia), which are often used for cooking, have a similar aroma, but are members of the mint family. This prevents the bears from defecating during winter hibernation. Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Subshrub, Herb/Forb Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Upland. Many of these plants can also be found throughout the Rocky Mountains and in other areas of North America, and indeed the World. Cascade Mountain-Ash. This index gives you an up-close image of the flowers. Ideal for hedges. Its tall reddish-grey slender stalks can reach a height of 15 feet making it seem more like a small tree at times. Shoots from the roots are important because they allow existing willow plants and root systems to maintain themselves for long periods of time. Cleome serrulata Pursh – Rocky Mountain beeplant. Scientific Name: Zinnia grandiflora Synonym: Crassina grandiflora Common Names: Rocky Mountain Zinnia, Prairie Zinnia, Plains Zinnia, Texas Zinnia, Little Golden Zinnia, Yellow Zinnia Plant Characteristics. : Chokecherries can be found inhabiting dry open areas to moist river beds. Type: Broadleaf Deciduous. Wallflower and Rosy PaintbrushLong Clusters - Many flowers clustered either loosely or tightly along a stem, e.g. : This deciduous shrub can reach a height of 3 to 4 feet. The optimal identification period for this species is throughout June. The berries can be toxic to humans if ingested. The Rocky Mountain region's diverse geography overflows with edible plant species. They occur in pairs and have a pale-green to grayish-green hue. Peterson. Rocky Mountain Plant Guide - BEST SELLER- This 45-page catalog describes plants that are commonly used in horticultural applications in the Rocky Mountain region. They establish on point bars, abandoned beaver ponds, and abandoned channels or ox-bows. Fun Facts: This unique species contains 2-6% rubber which allows the branches to be very flexible. Its tall reddish-grey slender stalks can reach a height of 15 feet making it seem more like a small tree at times. Large 4 lobed deep yellow flowers are borne sparsely from early to mid Spring. Fun Facts: The aromatic smell of mountain big sagebrush can almost transport you back to the old west. Recorded Trail Ridge Road status: (970) 586-1222. The berries are feasted upon by small mammals, birds, and even humans. The sale of photos is used to keep this guide updated and available. Rocky Mountain Edible Plant Identification: Wild Wax Currant (Ribes Cereum) Wax Currant, also known as Squaw Currant, is one of the most common edible plants in the Rocky Mountains in late Summer and early Fall. Multiple kinnikinnick plants can form clumps or mats in lodgepole pine forests. The decision on whether to designate the form of a flower as round, long or single was not always easy, even the colors were sometimes difficult; yellow or green, pink or red? 1) Rocky Mountain Edible Plant Identification: Wild Wax Currant (Ribes Cereum) TREE IDENTIFICATION: 1) Rocky Mountain Tree Identification: Douglas Fir Tree. Subordinate Taxa. In Cheyenne, it blooms in early June. Please read How to Photograph Wildflowers for Identification for tips. Stay tuned....But for the moment we have started with some of … What is a Shrub? Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. : There are two Junipers in Rocky Mountain National Park, Rocky Mountain juniper. Leaves: 1 to 4 inches with three lobes; coarsely serrated on the edge like the edge of a saw. The primary purpose of this guide is to enable you to quickly and easily identify a plant, but also to give you an appreciation of the amazing diversity and beauty of the flowers that flourish here, the land that nurtures them and their need for protection. Habitat: Chokecherries can be found inhabiting dry open areas to moist river beds. Seeds hang in small clusters and have branched reddish wings. Characteristics: Chokecherry is one of the most notable shrubs in Rocky Mountain National Park. Common juniper is a truncated ground spreading shrub reaching a maximum height of 3 feet. The leaves are narrow and have three- toothed tips which can resemble a three pronged trident. Small enough to take into the field; recommended for more experienced botanists and foragers. This plant has no children. Habitat: Rocky Mountain juniper inhabitsmontane areas from 5000 ft.-8000 ft., (1500 m.-2400 m.). This is not a complete list of all the flora that can be found in this region, it presents only the flowers that I have personally seen, photographed and identified. Here are three good books to consider: 1. Characteristics: The characteristics of this plant vary slightly from the east to west side of the park. The photos on the website may be used for personal or academic purposes as long as they are clearly credited to rockymountainsflora.com. This conserves energy during the winter by stopping photosynthesis. In the past, rabbitbrush was burned to smoke hides. Usually found in cooler, shaded hillsides, ridges, and rock areas. Keep an eye out for these bright red raspberries and taste the wilderness of Rocky Mountain National Park. The diversity of the terrain yields an incredible variety of plant life from the rugged cacti of the canyons to the tiny forget-me-not of the alpine tundra. However, many insects eat the foliage because they can absorb some of the toxin and in turn become poisonous. Bears in particular utilize this plant. In the past, rabbitbrush was burned to smoke hides. In late August the pink flowers swell to form a translucent orange-red berry. Rather than thumbing through pages of flowers in a book looking for something that looks like what you are looking at, let your electronic device make the search using the color and form of the flower, or using words to describe the flower and its environs. During fall and winter the leaves turn from a green to a red-orange. See the. Scientific name:Padus virginiana ssp. Habitat: Boulder raspberry is a common shrub that grows in sunny rocky montane areas. This is a deterrent for predators that would prey on these insects. The berries they produce are actually cones, so take a closer look when you see one. More species were found east of the Continental Divide in the rugged canyons and foothills of the Wet Mountains and south in the arid arroyos and mesas, lakes and rivers of northern New Mexico. Leaves are compound and exhibit a range of green shades in spring and summer. See Where the flowers grow for more detail and photographs of the life zones covered in this guide. To cover all interests, we have made this app very flexible so you can, for instance, arrange it by common or scientific name; you can identify unknown plants with a key to visible characteristics; you can search; you can scroll quickly through thumbnail photos or browse leisurely thr… There are several subspecies of big sagebrush in the western United States. Handbook of Rocky Mountain Plants by Ruth Ashton Nelson. In late August the pink flowers swell to form a translucent orange-red berry. : Wax Current is one of the most common shrubs in dry, sunny montane forests. greenei [Greene's Maple] - very small leaves, samaras with overlapping wings, southern Sierra Nevada. Search Using Images The home page of this guide presents you with 16 photos, each of which represents a group of flowers sharing similar color or form, for example, blue single flowers, yellow round clusters of flowers, or grasses and trees. Most of the berries are fuzzy and can be course and seedy. I have listed my … Habitat: 5500 ft. - 9000 ft. (1650 m. - 2700 m.), in moist montane areas. The leaves are a deep forest green in contrast to the blush red stems. Characteristics: Leaves are usually fuzzy. Plants native to a particular area are well adapted to those soil and climatic conditions. It may be beautiful but it's covered in small thorns. Garden BulbsPlantsFront Yard LandscapingGarden ShrubsTypes Of MulchShrubsSmall Evergreen ShrubsShrubs For LandscapingCypress Mulch. "The Rocky Mountain Berry Book," by Bob Krumm. Characteristic: It's easy to identify this species because of the light-pink, 5 petaled flowers in early summer and the bright red rose hips in the fall. Leaves are small, obscurely lobed, and have a pine-citrus fragrance. For full-size, high-resolution photographs or to use the photos for commercial purposes, please email me for permission and prices. Buttercup. Lilac shrubs are beautiful, fragrant and a great addition to any garden. Native Americans also collected these berries. This is a deterrent for predators that would prey on these insects. To identify the plant just click on the color and shape below to start your search, check the family list or search using words. Plant Identification for Colorado Plants, Edible Colorado Plants, Wild Colorado Plants, Native Colorado Plants In fall the leaves turn a spectacular color of dark orange to rich red. Buttercup. When the plant is mature, the bark becomes flaky, papery and thin. Characteristics: This many-stemmed large shrub can reach a maximum height of 20 to 25 feet. Mountain Maple is the most northern member of the maple family found in the Rockies. Usually found in cooler, shaded hillsides, ridges, and rock areas. Add a splash to cinnamon tea for a hot toddy, or mix with your favorite whiskey or bourbon. "Peterson's Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants" has different books that are specific to a region of North America. The flowering trees in the Trees index page also appear in their respective groups by color and form of their flowers. : Rocky Mountain juniper inhabitsmontane areas from 5000 ft. : A shrub or a short tree often shaped like a pyramid, with an irregular to slightly rounded crown. The height can be 16 to 49 feet, with a trunk … Magnificent, spectacular, awesome, breathtaking, gorgeous, beautiful; there are not enough superlatives to describe these wild and wonderful places and the glorious flowers that grow here. The leaves usually will have three deep lobes. Bright red berry-like fruit form in late summer. Cleome serrulata. 3. Rocky Mountain Vinegar Shrubs is a Colorado Proud (TM) Company WE DELIVER LOCALLY IN GREATER DENVER AT DISCOUNTED RATES WE SHIP THROUGHOUT THE UNITED STATES . Usage Requirements. As the name suggests, common juniper is fairly common over much of the globe. Rocky Mountain beeplant. Fun Facts: This hardy plant is often used as an ornamental shrub. : This hardy plant is often used as an ornamental shrub. Willow have declined in Rocky Mountain National Park meadows because there are fewer beaver and elk overbrowse their leaves and stems. Characteristics: Yellow rabbitbrush is one of a few plants that bloom as late as August to October. Ends of branches can have up to fifty flower heads. Native Americans also collected these berries. Fun Facts: This small plant is an evergreen which means that the leaves are kept throughout the year. His father, George S. Vasey, was Chief Botanist of the U.S. Department of Agriculture during the Curator of the U.S. National Herbarium at the Smithsonian Institution during the 19th century. These berries can range in taste from tart to sweet, with some even being tasteless. That the major search engines index the site and rank it highly has more to do with my expertise in search engine optimization than my skills in botany. Greene's Mountain Ash. The tiny bell shaped flowers hang in small clusters and have a pinkish-white color. The leaves are a deep forest green in contrast to the blush red stems. Colorado Plants and HabitatsIn this section you can learn about Colorado's native plants and habitats. Lavender/lilac colored flowers are grouped with blue and purple flowers. Characteristics: A shrub or a short tree often shaped like a pyramid, with an irregular to slightly rounded crown. 3) Rocky Mountain Tree Identification: Lodgepole Pine Tree. Cryptomeria globosa Shrubs. many-stemmed large shrub can reach a maximum height of 20 to 25 feet. Butterflies and bees are attracted to the flower clusters, which are reminiscent of lilacs.

rocky mountain shrub identification

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