Vegetables, Flowers, Soft Fruit and Raw Material crops We cultivate a range of period vegetables and flowers including Medieval Martock field beans and Elizabethan Carlin Peas. Letuaire was above all a medicine, a medicine of Hippocratus, of Galen, or later, one prescribed by the Arab medicine or by the Salerne School of medicine. A dessert apple of quite reasonable quality as a garden variety. Only with what we call classical cuisine did they regress ; in the 14th century, only the French preferred sour flavours in dishes and sauces. This was also the case for sugar, spices, and hippocras. The Libre del Coch also uses lemon and orange juice for sauces. The recipe does not specify which quinces and pears should be used. Menus : Mespilus germanica, known as the medlar or common medlar, is a large shrub or small tree, and the name of the fruit of this tree. The ambiguity between medicine and confectionery, including jam, is found in the Treatise on cosmetics and conserves by Doctor Nostradamus, in which indications for health care are given at the end of some of the jam recipes. Variety: Calville Blanc (1598) Photo - Trees of Antiquity (with permission) ETH-Bibliothek Zürich, Hs 262 Bühlmeier, Salomon (1863-1872) Available from: Trees of Antiquity The oily nut of these fruits were mostly used as extra liaison for sauces (complementary to bread) or as a substitute for butter or milk on fast days. We went all out and made all the varieties mentioned in the books: blueberry, strawberry, ambiguous berry, and apricot. The sweet orange (citrus sinencis), that we know of today, appeared only in the 15th century, and it was not found i… They introduced Asian fruits into Europe: peach, apricot, cherry. Maître Chiquart also proposes a Quince pie (Cuyns en pasté), cooked pears and an apples compote (Emplumeus de pomes), all three recipes from the end of the book and made for the sick. At the wedding's supper, scheduled at the end, are apples (bought at the covered market Les Halles) and cheese. Fruit was not recommended for children. Here are some, taken from articles written by Jean-Louis Flandrin: These directions are found again, for example, in the Ménagier de Paris, which has 2 dinner menus for days with meat, with pears, medlars and nuts for 5th dish ; one dinner menu with fruits to finish. Fruit: size medium, W51 X L51 mm; shape tall truncate-conic, convex to straight, ribbed at the calyx basin; skin greenish yellow much flushed and striped bright red, russetting seens as dots; flesh soft, greenish white; flavor subacid, season early, calyx very prominent, no calyx basin. The Viandier de Taillevent (printed edition) has a recipe for blancmange with pomegranates. The entrée in the menu of Monseigneur de Lagny is: two quarter-litres of Grenache wine [...] ; warmed hot ; a measure of roasted rouvel apples covered with white sugar coating ; five measures of fatty roasted figs ; soret (a plant for salad), watercress and rosemary. For the wedding of maître Hely, in May, there was: starter: no butter since it was a day with meat. Little was known about nutrition and the Medieval diet of the rich Nobles lacked Vitamin C and fibre. Bitter Orange, Sweet Orange, Lemon, and Lime are found in documentation during the era, but not all of it was used often, or if at all. In Catalonia, the first book about jams is the Llibre de totes maneres de confits, probably 14th century. Ginger can be preserved (gingibrat) as well as coriander or aniseed. If you were a medieval peasant, your food and drink would have been pretty boring indeed. Fruits known by the Romans were again found in the Middle Ages and at the Renaissance. In the Naturalis Historia (liber XV, fruit) Pline listed the fruits that grew in Italy: 15 varieties of olive, the pine cone (for its small pine nut), quince, pomegranate, peach, grape, 12 kinds of plum, 30 kinds of apple, 41 kinds of pear, 29 varieties of fig, nuts (the generic term included walnut, hazelnut and almond), the chestnut, the cherry, and a few fruits nowadays forgotten: sorb (fruit of the service tree), carob, the fruit of the European Cornel. Some varieties, like Red Delicious, are clearly modern, but others with a long history can be difficult to document. Greek and Roman mythology refer to apples as symbols of love and beauty. 950–1580 AD; 1580–1660 AD-----New series: 1558–1660 AD; Agriculture. Rot is the final product of the rotting process where food items lose their quality every season to eventually become a rotten version of themselves, which turn into rot after another season. Apples, cold and wet, were better cooked than raw. ); Forestry Commission (UK government department responsible for protection and expansion of Britain's forests and woodlands. The Forme of Cury gives about ten recipes with pine nuts. Bitter oranges and an orange (upper left) - Photo Jacques Bouchut. Those fruits, which are [Hippocratic medicine] cold and difficult to preserve, must imperatively be eaten at the beginning of the meal: cherries, plums, apricots, peaches, figs, blackberries, grapes, melons. This is a very fine early fruit - the size is small, not much larger than the Hativeau - the skin green, the flesh juicy, buttery, and highly flavored - the taste, when not too ripe, sugary. ga('send', 'pageview'); Sweet and sour lamb flavoured with cinnamon and ginger, Cheese pie with garlic, raisins and spices, Pears in syrup flavoured with cinnamon and ginger, Fruits lost in the midst of medicines and jams. The Ugli fruit is a trademarked name for what is—at least in part—a Jamaican tangelo. Translator: Jean-Marc Bulit F ruits and vegetables might be acknowledged edible without ever being set on a dinner table. Translator: Jean-Marc Bulit.