Antony, Octavius and Lepidus have banded together in a counter-conspiracy to destroy the men who killed Caesar. Created by. See also our Julius Caesar Characters & Descriptions . In Plutarch's account, Pompey undertook a long siege of Brutus in Mutina. In 37 BC the treaty of Tarentum formally renewed the Triumvirate for another five years. Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine How to cut off some charge in legacies. During these operations, Lepidus then fell ill and died. Lepidus soon became one of Julius Caesar’s greatest supporters. Lepidus was among Julius Caesar's greatest supporters. Antony has a paper with names on it and he says, "These many, then, shall die; their names are pricked" (4.1.1). 3 Educator answers. 36 – 40). But, Lepidus, go you to Caesar's house; Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine How to cut off some charge in legacies. After Lepidus' death, Caesar used a law proposed by a certain Plotius, which he had supported, to recall his brother-in-law Lucius Cornelius Cinna, the son of Lucius Cornelius Cinna (who had been one of the leaders of the Marians when they seized power in Rome between 87 BC and 82 BC, and who was also Caesarâs father-in-law). However, he refused to join him because the outlook was less promising than he had thought and because he did not think that Lepidus was a good leader. Antony declares Lepidus “a barren-spirited fellow, one that feeds / On objects, arts, and imitations”; he reproaches Octavius, saying, “Do not talk of him / But as a property,” that is, as a mere instrument for the furtherance of their own goals (IV.i. Lepidus had to plead with his former enemy Lucius Saenius Balbinus to grant her bail. Lepidus exits. Credits He wrote that "Lepidus gathered together the dispossessed, whose land had been taken over by Sulla after his victory to make new colonies for his soldiers, and also the children of the proscribed. He wrote that Lepidus decided to bring his army to Rome because he knew why he had been recalled, namely to be stripped of his military command. He had family ties to this province. https://cof.quantumfuturegroup.org/events/5663. Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (c. 121 â 77 BC) was a Roman statesman and general. Lepidus agrees that his brother can be killed as long as Antony agrees for his nephew to be killed. After the pacification of the east and the defeat of the assassins’ faction in the Battle of Philippi, during which he remained in Rome, Antony and Octavian took over most of Lepidus’ territories, but granted him rights in the provinces of Numidia and Africa. Mark Antony and the other Caesar supporters take up the cause of avenging Caesar's assassination. Pompey was criticised because when the enemy surrendered he wrote to the senate that Brutus had surrendered to him of his own accord. ", The entry in Livy's Periochae also seems to indicate that it was Catulus who ended the conflict. "QFG:COF" After Antony’s defeat at the Battle of Mutina, the Senate sent word that Lepidus’ troops were no longer needed. He typically appears as a marginalised figure in depictions of the events of the era, most notably in Shakespeare’s plays. In effect, it sidelined the consuls and the senate and signalled the death of the Republic.  In 82 BC, during Sulla's second civil war, he fought for Sulla. He became the third member of the Second Triumvirate, which was recognized in November 43 by the People's Assembly (Lex Titia). He served to balance the power of Antony and young Octavius Caesar, because he was a threat to neither Octavius nor Antony. Catulus, who had recruited an army at Rome, now took on Lepidus directly defeating him in a battle north of Rome. here? It is unclear whether Lepidus’ troops forced him to join with Antony, whether that was always Lepidus’s plan, or whether he arranged matters to gauge the situation and make the best deal. Neither writers mentioned any battles near Rome. Unlike the First Triumvirate of Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus, this one was formally constituted. PLAY. However, Catulus and Pompey had already occupied the Milvian bridge and the Janiculum Hill. They formed the Second Triumvirate, legalized with the name of Triumvirs for Confirming the Republic with Consular Power (Triumviri Rei Publicae Constituendae Consulari Potestate) by the Lex Titia of 43 BC.  In the Perochiae, Lepidus was expelled from Italy by Catulus and died in Sardinia "where he had, in vain, tried to stir up a war. Octavian, now known as “Augustus”, is said to have belittled him by always asking for his vote last. Lepidus fled to Sardinia. He captured Norba, in Latium, which had sided with Sulla's enemies, the Marians. Antony thinks Lepidus is weak, so it's a shame that he'll be sharing power with Antony and Octavius in the triumvirate. It sounds like Catulus went to Etruria to pursue Lepidus. ANTONY This is a slight unmeritable man, Meet to be sent on errands: is it fit, The three-fold world divided, he should stand There is no mention of any participation in the conflict by Decimus Junius Brutus and Mamercus Aemilius Lepidus Livianus, the consuls of that year (77BC), who also had military command. The Senate instructed Octavian to hand over control of the troops to Decimus Brutus, but he refused. Lepidus and Antony both spoke in the Senate the following day, accepting an amnesty for the assassins in return for preservation of their offices and Caesar’s reforms. At this point Pompey’s surviving son Sextus Pompey tried to take advantage of the turmoil to threaten Spain. There he rebuilt his forces and supplies and attacked merchant ships, which disrupted the grain supplies and caused hardship in Rome. She was related to Lucius Appuleius Saturninus. When the two armies met, large portions of Lepidus’s forces joined up with Antony. , For other people named Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, see, Brennan, T.C., The Praetorship in the Roman Republic, p. 507, Pliny the Elder, Natural History, 35.12; 36.49,109, Julius Exsuperantius, On the civil Wars of Marius, Lepidus and Sertorius, 35, St. Jerome Hieronymus, Chronological Tables, 1940, Julius Exsuperantius, On the civil Wars of Marius, Lepidus and Sertorius, 38-42, Asconius, Five detailed descriptions of speeches of Cicero, 19, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marcus_Aemilius_Lepidus_(consul_78_BC)&oldid=979928681, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / ÑÑÐ¿ÑÐºÐ¾Ñ ÑÐ²Ð°ÑÑÐºÐ¸, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Chronicle of the Fall of the Roman Empire This was probably in 81 BC. , Appian wrote that there was a conflict between the two consuls and their two factions (the Sullans and the Marians), and that the senate was afraid of both factions. Decimus Brutus called him a “weathercock” and Velleius Paterculus called him “the most fickle of mankind”, and incapable of command. Lepidus realised that in the following year his oath not to make war on the Sullans would no longer be valid because it was considered that it was binding only during the term of office (which lasted only one year). At the beginning Lepidus was confirmed in possession of both the provinces of Hispania, along with Narbonese Gaul, but also agreed to hand over seven of his legions to Octavian and Antony to continue the struggle against Brutus and Cassius, who controlled the eastern part of Roman territory. An excellent soldier if not the most intelligent of men, he becomes the third ruler of Rome along with Octavius and Antony after Caesar’s death. After Lepidus’s fall from power, he is referred to as the “poor third” and “fool Lepidius”. Julius Caesar. Lepidus agrees, on the condition that Mark Antony's nephew is also killed for being involved in the assassination. Octavian accused Lepidus of attempting to usurp power and fomenting rebellion. Gravity. Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus are gathered with a checklist of the men they plan to murder for conspiracy. shall . Licinianus wrote: "The inhabitants of Faesulae broke into the strongholds of the veterans. Antony and Lepidus now had to deal with Octavian Caesar, Caesar’s great-nephew and adopted son in Caesar’s will. During his governorship of Africa he promoted the distribution of land to veterans, possibly in order to build up a network of clients. , It can be noted that this conflict was fought the year after the consulship of Lepidus and Catulus (the consuls were elected annually). However, this was brought to an end by Triarius, the governor of Sardinia, who fought Lepidus in several battles, defended his province effectively and cut off the towns. Afterwards, Octavius took the name Gaius Julius Caesar and was called Octavianus. Cicero condemned Lepidus for “wickedness and sheer folly” after he allowed his forces to join with Mark Antony’s after Antony’s initial defeat at the Battle of Mutina. , In Plutarch's account, Lepidus was opposed by his fellow consul, Quintus Lutatius Catulus, who was supported by the Roman senate (in the civil wars Sulla had been a supporter of the senatorial aristocracy against the Marians who espoused the cause of the common people). Exsuperantius also mentioned a battle which was fought in Etruria. His task was to find solutions which made it possible to call an election. (Lepidus wants to know if they will : still be "here"—maybe Antony's house—when he : OCTAVIUS: returns.) Granius Licinianus, Grani Liciniani Quae Supersunt (Classic Reprint)( inLatin), Forgotten Books, 2018: Plutarch, Parallel Lives: Agesilaus and Pompey, Pelopidas and Marcellus (Loeb Classical Library), Loeb, 1989: Sallust, Catiline's War, The Jugurthine War, Histories: WITH The Jugurthine War, Penguin Classics, 2007; This page was last edited on 23 September 2020, at 15:56. He was praetor in 49, governor Actually understand Julius Caesar Act 4, Scene 1. " The mountains Licinianus referred to must have been in Etruria. Lepidus' forces were defeated in a battle near the Milvian Bridge and as a result his rebellion failed.  Presumably the men who bought the confiscated property would resist such a measure. Stable URL: Lepidus is the eldest of the three men, and he is, perhaps, the least ambitious. 3. Antony and Lepidus met with Octavian on an island in a river, possibly near Mutina but more likely near Bologna, their armies lined along opposite banks. Though he was an able military commander and proved a useful partisan of Caesar, Lepidus has always been portrayed as the weakest member of the triumvirate. Lepidus appears to have been genuinely shocked when Antony provocatively offered Caesar a crown at the Lupercalia festival, an act that helped to precipitate the conspiracy to kill Caesar. When he refused to return they declared him an enemy of the state and passed a Consultum Ultimum (a.k.a. In an entry in the chronological tables of St. Jerome Hieronymus, it is stated that Lepidus was declared a public enemy.. Quantum Future Group Inc. He typically appears as a marginalised figure in depictions of the events of the era, most notably in Shakespeare’s plays. Spell. Lepidus had in fact already reached the peak of his power. He wrote that Catulus was more suited to "political than military leadership" and, thus, Pompey (Lepidus old benefactor) had to make a decision about who he would support. Dio wrote that “She, the mother-in‑law of Octavian and wife of Antony, had no respect for Lepidus because of his slothfulness, and managed affairs herself, so that neither the senate nor the people transacted any business contrary to her pleasure.”. After this Lepidus was given six of Antony’s legions to govern Africa. Exit LEPIDUS. By becoming pontifex maximus and triumvir he had gained a level of recognition that would preserve his name and save a very small niche for him in the history of western civilization. He added: "when weapons were brought together and Catulus was not slower ...[missing text]... Where anyone seemed to be near him as he went beside the coast and the lake, he avoided the tops of the mountains.  The interrex was an official who was appointed when difficult disputes made holding elections exceedingly difficult. He fell ill and âdied of despondency, which was due, as we are told, not to the loss of his cause, but to his coming accidentally upon a writing from which he discovered that his wife was an adulteress.â The Brutus in question was Marcus Junius Brutus the Elder, the father of Marcus Junius Brutus the Younger, one of the leaders of the plot to assassinate Julius Caesar. LEPIDUS What, shall I find you here? According to Cassius Dio, while Mark Antony and Octavian were away from Rome fighting Brutus and Cassius, Lepidus was nominally in control of the city, but Mark Antony’s wife Fulvia was the real power.