Karnataka is one of the highest economic growth states in India with an expected GSDP (Gross State Domestic Product) growth of 8.2% in the 2010-11 fiscal year. Financial aid was given by the government to implement several expansion schemes for sericulture development. In most of the major silk producing countries, the consumption of silk is more than its output. AGRICULTURE ANBIL DHARMALINGAM AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE TRICHY-9 3. In the Karnataka state rural and semi- urban areas most of the people adopt sericulture. The output of silk has been increasing only in China and India. He wanted ‘Mysore to be the foremost among silk producing nations’. Sericulture is an agro-based, labour intensive, export oriented commercial activity. mulberry, tasar, eri and muga, chief amongst which is mulberry-silk. In this regard the present study focuses on the objective of analysing the impact of technologies in sericulture in Karnataka State. In recent years, Tripura and Manipur are producing. 30000 per acre/ per annum. High Rate of Employment: Sericulture is the best source of employment. Since its inception Channapatana silk farm is working on Silk seed breeding and breeding experiments. Tasar silkworm process can offer supplementary gainful employment for tribals compare to other sericulture activities. It generates more employment opportunities when compare to other industry, especially in rural and semi- urban areas. Silk was believed to have first been produced in China as early as the Neolithic Period. The squeezing of sericulture industry’s economy by COVID-19 and the climate of hostility between India and China have led to a demand for complete ban on import of Chinese silk. In Karnataka area under mulberry in hects 367209.1 and cocoon production in tonnes 215402. Instead of being an exporter, India had to resort to large scale import of raw silk from China and Japan to meet her requirements. The production of silk generally involves two processes: The silkworm caterpillar builds its cocoon by producing and surrounding itself with a long, Mysore Silk is synonymous with splendor and grandeur. Sericulture being cottage industry plays an important roles in employment generation and poverty alleviation. Some of the major advantages are listed below. Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab, Tripura and Uttar Pradesh contribute only an insignificant proportion of the country’s total mulberry raw silk production. Importance Of Silk Industry: The practice of sericulture has many benefits to rural people. Ministries/Departments/Organisations. of raw silk to England between 1861 and 1885. Status of sericulture industry in India: At the root of the social, economic, cultural and political progress of India, there are 6.5 lacs villages where 75% of the population of the country lives. Sericulture which was considered as a subsidiary occupation in the past is being considered as major activity. However, the course of development of the industry has never been even. The main objectives of the project in the State were to increase the production of raw silk by bringing an additional irrigated area in the new districts, to provide employment mainly to weaker sections of the people, to strengthen research capability for evolving new races of silk-worms and strains of mulberry and to strengthen the arrangements for producing breeders. ; Key Points. Sericulture, or silk farming, is the cultivation of silkworms to produce silk.Although there are several commercial species of silkworms, Bombyx mori (the caterpillar of the domestic silkmoth) is the most widely used and intensively studied silkworm. The services rendered by the silk-industry were well recognised by the Central Government. A trial in substituting artificial food for plant food has turned out to be futile. There has been a consistent increase in the area under mulberry, cocoon and raw silk production in the case of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal while the production in Jammu and Kashmir is stand still. India with its vast agricultural land and cheap labour and the progress already achieved in quantity and quality of silk through continued research shall not find it difficult to be a major producer and exporter of silk and silk goods to the world market in the time to come. Ironically, the Second World War provided a great impetus to the sericulture-industry. In 1785 Tippu Sultan established sericulture in Channapatana. The project was assisted by the World Bank and the Swiss Development Co-operation and was under implementation from 1989 in 17 major states of India. The proportion of the area under mulberry to total cropped area varies considerably from district to district and even from taluk to taluk in the same district. 2)permission can be obtained from the Centre for e-governance by requesting to this email. It creates a self employment in Karnataka. This only proves that the world demand for silk is increasing even in the face of an invasion of man-made fibres. More than 60 percent of people engaged in own activities in sericulture. Karnataka is a premier silk producing State in India and specialises in the production of mulberry-silk in as much as it produces 9236 m. tonnes of raw silk and accounts for 65.74 per cent of the total silk production in the country. DMPQ- The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a single revolution which developed two phases. Even with all this, a high percentage of area still continued to be under rainfed conditions. This specialized It is an important cottage industry in Karnataka. Cocoon production in Karnataka has picked up to meet the growing demand for indigenous silk.. There has been a progressive increase in the total area in the state under mulberry (which stands at 140034 hectares in 1998-99). Role of the Department The content of these websites are owned by the respective organisations and they may be contacted for any further information or suggestion. In view of the importance attached to the changes in the level of productivity, income and employment due to level of adoptability of technologies, it necessitates the analysis of the existing farming situation. Mulberry has already been introduced in the new areas in the districts of Bagalkot, Belgaum, Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Chikkamagalur, Chitradurga, Dakshina Kannada, Uttara Kannada, Davangere, Dharwad, Gadag, Gulbarga, Haveri, Kodagu, Koppal, Raichur, Shimoga and Udapi which together account for about 4 per cent of the total area under mulberry in 1998-99. Acres of mulberry garden and silkworm rearing can avoid maximum labourers and save wages in the sericulture sector of the state. The attempts made in the past were aimed at achieving limited objectives. Sericulture helps to improve the manufacturing sector. It is an important cottage industry in Karnataka. While Japan till recently a second major producer of silk has been exhibiting declining trend in the production of silk and has kept on importing substantial quantity of raw silk. The project envisaged to bring an additional acreage of 57,000 hectares of land under mulberry cultivation in order to produce additional 6072 m.tonnes of mulberry raw-silk by the end of Five Year project period. The trend is expected to continue. Per capita GSDP during 2008–2009 was US$1034.9. The natural silk has come to establish its competitive strength beyond all doubt and it is reasonable to expect that it would continue to enjoy its unassailed supremacy as a “Queen of Textiles” even in the future. In addition, sericulture is a very important part of the economics of several states in India such as Assam,Bengal, Karnataka and Tamilnadu. Sericulture is the part of the agriculture activities in the state. It is one of the most profitable activity in rural sector.